- HB Kham
Nepal is one of the popular and best tourist destinations in the world known for its higher mountains including Mt Everest. The land of Nepal is also globally recognized as the land where Lord Buddha was born to preach world peace and the doctrine of non-violence which was borrowed by many of the political leaders of the world.
Nepal is now declared a secular country and multi-religious faiths are given equal priorities. Both Hindu and Buddhist along with other religious people such as Muslims, Christians and Jain live in complete harmony with no tinge of social unrest and tension.
The country is also a multinational, multi-cultural and multi-linguistic nation endowed with 125 ethnic communities and 123 ethnic languages spoken across the country.
Nepal has no rivalry for mountaineering and White River rafting. Nepal possesses incomparable natural beauty and heritage. In jungle safari, more than 800 species of birds can be observed. Over 1400 mountains are existing in Nepal of which several peaks are the highest among the other mountains of the world.
Nepal is also famous for its valuable herbal plants like Yarshagumba. The hidden paradise is known as “Shangrila” which is still said to be hidden behind the net of Himali Mountain here. It’s a land of gods and goddesses. People still believe in fatalism and deeds of previous life being repaid in this life.
The UNESCO recognized world heritage sites are also located in this tiny country. Any tourist visiting Nepal for the first time should know some of the facts about Nepal which are mentioned below for perusal.
Name of country: Nepal
Capital city Kathmandu
The continent in which it falls: Asia (South)
Nepal’s neighboring countries: China (in the north)
Situation: Nepal is situated like a yam between two boulders (between giant nations-China and India)
History: The primordial history was that of the Gopal and Mahispal ancestry who are stipulated to be mongoloid in ancestry. Then Kiraties ruled the country for 29 generations from Kathmandu valley. Then Lichhavis from India came and ruled Nepal. This was followed by Malla rule then Shah Rule and then follows the democratic republic rule of Khas Aryan.
Area: 1, 47,181 sq.km
Population: 28.58 million
Ethnic communities: 123 communities
Ethnic languages: 125 languages
Official language: Nepali
Second Language: English
National Flower: Rhododendron
National Animal: Cow
Prohibition: Beef is prohibited
Races: Mongoloid, Khas Arya & Dravidian
Martial race and Mercenaries: Gurung, Magar, Rai, Limbu
Life Expectancy: 68 years for men and 70 years for women.
Elevation: 60 – 8848 meter above sea level
Religion: Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, etc.
Currency: Nepalese Rupee
One dollar =114 Nepalese Rupees
Geographical Division: 3 geographical zones-
- High Mountain
- Mid Hill
Provinces (states) : 7 provinces-1,2,3,4,5,6,7
Political System: Federal Democratic Republic
People: Warm, hospitable and open-minded